Honors Blog 2 REDONE
15 April 2014
Alexander III of Macedon, also known as Alexander the Great, was a king of the Greek kingdom of Macedon. He was the son of a warrior king; making him air to a powerful thrown. His father was Philip of Macedon and his father was one of the first to unite Greece’s independent city states. His father, wanting Alexander to be a great future ruler, brings Aristotle from Athens to teach young Alexander how to observe, think ahead and reason. According to Discovery Education, Aristotle’s lessons made Alexander the first great strategist in military history with Achilles also being Alexander’s role model. Discovery Channel Education even says that Alexander offered up prayers to Achilles, and even takes Achilles shield.
Going along with his father Philip he learned many things such as how to treat the men in his army. Soon the days of going along with his father ended as Philip was assassinated at the celebration of his daughter’s wedding. At only 21 years old, Alexander ascends the thrown. As he takes the thrown, many begin to question if he has the skills for a warrior.
Soon Alexander proves that he is suit for the throne. According to Wikipedia, Alexander responded quickly to the new of the states attempting to revolt. He is said to have marched toward Thebes and here is where he strikes ruthlessly. The news quickly spreads throughout the cities and Alexander soon is said to be “invincible.”
This is shown, as when he arrives in Athens, no one dares to oppose Alexander after the news they have heard. But instead of punishing all of his enemies, he offers up a proposition. If all of Greece joined together, and gave him ships, soldiers and other supplies then he would fulfill what they desired. Alexander told them that he would launch a war to liberate the Greek cities in areas occupied by the Persians
This great ruler was fierce and did not let anything get in his way. He even had a special line up formation that made his army a special fighting machine. This was called a phalanx, where the men would stand together in tightly knit blocks with long almost 18ft lances (according to Discovery Channel History) tipped in bronze, called sarisas. As each line would lower them down, it created a deadly sharp wall. Alexander would send them straight into the Persian lines, impaling rows and rows of Persians.
Whatever the terrain, from tropical to bitter cold, scorching desert to waterlogged marshland, Alexander met every challenge he was set and overcame every difficulty he encountered. He was smart, keen, and a great fighter. He even had kindness and mercy in his heart as well. Alexander treated his men well, and even showed mercy to some of his enemy’s. According to Discovery Education, Alexander even spared the coward Darius’s wife and daughter, and took them in. I think this truly shows a legendary mark he left in history.
Bosworth, A. B. (1996). Alexander and the East: The Tragedy of Triumph.Oxford: Clarendon Press.
Buhl, H. (2010). Alexander the Great & The Fall of the Roman Empire. Ancient History Pathfinder, 50-62.
Retrieved from http://hbl.gcc.edu/
Discovery Channel Education. Alexander the Great of Macedonia: Alexander Unifies the Greek City States
Macedonian ships traveling traveling down Hydaspes and Indus rivers. History of Macedon. University of California, Oxford. Retrieved March 2, 2014, from http://www.historyofmacedonia.org/
Mount Albert Grammar School. Alexander the Great. Picture
Naiden, F. (2011). Alexander the Great. Journal of the History of Society, 1, 1-21.
Robinson, C. A. (1953). The History of Alexander the Great. Providence, Rhode Island: Indiana University Library.
Watkins, T. (2009, 06 12). Alexander of Macedonia . Retrieved from SJSU:http://www.sjsu.edu/
Wood, M. (2007). In the Footsteps of Alexander The Great: A Journey from Greece to Asia. San Diego: University of California Press, 1997.